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The principles of reasoning
In their academic training, scientists do not learn the principles of reasoning. They receive extensive training in deductive reasoning but models are built by inductive reasoning.
Solid evidence supports the contention that the principles of reasoning are the pair of principles which collectively are called “ultra-optimization.” Translated to English prose, the principles are to:
o Maximize the knowledge and,
o Keep the inferences honest.
These principles have rmathematical definitions that are introduced under the heading Theoretical basis, on the home page.